|A typical machaan erected in the field, constructed by the farmer himself. It is used to keep watch or to rest during night. In this photo, people were using it as a shelter from torrential rains.|
|View of part of the field from the machaan|
Similar to the earlier years of setting field demos of self-reliant, biodiverse, low-external input multi-cropping model of agriculture, several farmers (like Mr. Janardan Kinkar whose case study was blogged earlier) did sow 15-30 different food crops even this year. In spite of literally heart-wrenching efforts, they couldn’t save several crops from the attack of the wild animals. The intrusion and damage is caused mostly by nilgai/blue bulls and wild boars, and several birds such as parrots, etc.. The damage is to the extent of 25% and upwards, sometimes without any upper limit.
|Innovation 1: Long string with one end attached to the bell in the middle of the field and the other end is with the farmer in his machaan (watchtower). The sound scares away the animals and the birds.|
|Innovation 2: A burning oil lamp covered with an earthen pot with holes creates the impression of the eyes of a predator or a human. This is another way to scare the herbivores.|
|Innovation 3: a) Manufacturing oil lamps wrapped in plastic to give a magnified and distorted impression of flames in the field.|
|Innovation 3: b) The final product.|